GASB 67: A Mixed Bag For Public Pension FundsCategories: National Developments
Pensions & Investments by Meaghan Kilroy, February 13, 2015
Some public pension funds are reporting higher asset values under GASB 67 because of strong returns in recent years, said a new report from Fitch Ratings.
“In an accident of timing, the transition to GASB 67 is taking place at a very favorable moment in the economic cycle for reporting asset valuations. In most cases, the market value of assets reported by systems under GASB 67 is much higher than the smoothed asset value reported previously,” the report said.
With asset gains suddenly being realized, plans such as the $8.6 billion Oklahoma Public Employees Retirement System, Oklahoma City, are reporting higher funding ratios. “The resultant ratio of (OPERS) assets to liabilities was only 88.6% under the actuarial approach, while it rises to 97.9% under GASB 67 with full recognition of asset gains,” the report said.
While some results look favorable, the new reporting standards also are “exposing long-standing problems,” said Douglas Offerman, senior director at Fitch.
GASB 67 requires public pension funds to disclose their depletion dates, when projected benefit payments exceed a system’s projected assets. Benefits payable after that date must be discounted to a present value using a much lower rate, which raises liabilities, Mr. Offerman said.
Under the new standards, the funding ratios for New Jersey’s Public Employees’ Retirement System and Teachers’ Pension & Annuity Fund, both in Trenton, are 27.9% and 28.5%, respectively, compared to 49.1% and 51.5%, respectively, in fiscal year 2013, before GASB took effect, the report said.